The EUR.1 movement certificate is the document issued by the Customs at the time of customs clearance and required for the reduction of the import duty in accordance with the bilateral agreements concluded by the EU with certain third countries, between these:
ALBANIA, BOSNIA ERZEGOVINA, CILE, COLOMBIA, REPUB. DI MACEDONIA ISLANDA, KOSOVO, LIBANO, MESSICO, NORVEGIA, SERBIA, SUD AFRICA, TUNISIA, ALGERIA, CEUTA E MELILLA, CISGIORDANIA E STRISCIA DI GAZA, COREA DEL SUD, EGITTO, GIORDANIA, ISOLE FAEROER, ISRAELE, MAROCCO, MONTENEGRO, PERU’, SIRIA, SVIZZERA, TURCHIA (limited to iron and steel products and agricultural products); on this page you can find the updated list of partner countries EU custom union preferential agreements
It is important to note that the issue of the certificate is subordinated to the presence, for exported goods, of the characteristics provided by the protocols of origin annexed to the agreements, it is therefore very important to verify the correct Customs Item of goods and, in the case of goods produced by using materials of non-Community origin, that the work carried out is to be considered sufficient, a further distinction should be made between preferential origin products which are entitled to the issue of the EUR.1 certificate and the abolition of the import duty, and products Non-Preferential Origin (MADE IN), which, although produced in the EU, does not qualify for preferentiality, this distinction sometimes raises operators, confusion and doubts, especially in those who deal only with the marketing of third-party products.
Upon arrival on operational issues, once the required requirements have been met, in order to be able to issue the EUR.1 certificate, the exporter must provide the shipper with a specific mandate giving details of the issue of the document, the manufacturer’s declaration of origin (ex Article 62 et seq. EU 2447/2015) will also be required, this proof is necessary as only the producer is able to certify the preferential origin of the exported product, it is further the Customs authority to request the exporter through the forwarding agent, issuing from the supplier of certificate INF.4, a document issued by the Customs, subject to verification of the conditions, certifies the preferential origin of the goods .
Finally, the issue of the EUR 1 certificate, based on a misleading and aware source of declarations, determines for the exporter a criminal liability for fake ideological illicit acts committed by the public (Article 483 CC) .
For these reasons, it is always necessary to check in advance the product characteristics, the differences between the various bilateral agreements and the presence of all supporting documentation.